Known to many as the cradle of humankind, proud host of the Ark of the Covenant, the birthplace of coffee and once home to the Queen of Sheba, Ethiopia has always been one of Africa’s historical epicentres.
Its beauty and riches combine with a remarkable people who have since time immemorial embraced all cultures, tribes and religious beliefs as their own, despite persecution during the Scramble for Africa and a period of brutal occupation by Italy.
Ethiopia hosts nine UNESCO World Heritage Sites and is blessed with a wealth of habitats – including alpine moorlands, moist and arid savannas, lakes, rivers, marshes and towering mountains with slopes draped in swathes of hagenia, juniper and bamboo forest.
This diversity of habitats makes Ethiopia one of Africa’s most productive and rewarding birding destinations, with 924 species including 23 endemic species. Of the 279 mammal species, 31 are endemic – with notable species including the gelada (an Old World monkey that feeds on grass), the critically endangered Ethiopian wolf (Africa’s most endangered carnivore) and the magnificent Nubian ibex.
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Travel diary: Enchanting Ethiopia
Photo gallery: Tribes of the Omo Valley
Travel diary: Trekking the beautiful Bale Mountains
Travel diary: Gelada baboon grooms our guide!
Conservation story: Ethiopia’s Church Forests
Conservation story: Cry Wolf